Covenant of Mayors

Illustration The Covenant of Mayors

The Covenant at-a-glance

After the adoption, in 2008, of the EU Climate and Energy Package, the European Commission European Commission The European Commission is the executive body of the European Union. The body is responsible for proposing legislation, implementing decisions, upholding the Union’s treaties and the general day-to-day running of the Union. With the Covenant of Mayors initiative, the European Commission - DG Energy endorses and supports the efforts deployed by local authorities in the implementation of sustainable energy policies. launched the Covenant of Mayors Covenant of Mayors The Covenant of Mayors is the mainstream European movement involving local and regional authorities in the fight against climate change. It is based on a voluntary commitment by signatories to meet and exceed the EU 20% CO2 reduction objective through increased energy efficiency and development of renewable energy sources. to endorse and support the efforts deployed by local authorities in the implementation of sustainable energy policies. Indeed, local governments play a crucial role in mitigating the effects of climate change, all the more so when considering that 80% of energy consumption and CO2 emissions is associated with urban activity.

For its unique characteristics - being the only movement of its kind mobilising local and regional actors around the fulfilment of EU objectives EU objectives In March 2007 the EU’s leaders endorsed an integrated approach to climate and energy policy that aims to combat climate change and increase the EU’s energy security while strengthening its competitiveness. To kick-start this process, the EU Heads of State and Government set a series of demanding climate and energy targets to be met by 2020, known as the "20-20-20" targets. These are:

- A reduction in EU greenhouse gas emissions of at least 20% below 1990 levels

- 20% of EU energy consumption to come from renewable resources

- A 20% reduction in primary energy use compared with projected levels, to be achieved by improving energy efficiency.
- the Covenant of Mayors Covenant of Mayors The Covenant of Mayors is the mainstream European movement involving local and regional authorities in the fight against climate change. It is based on a voluntary commitment by signatories to meet and exceed the EU 20% CO2 reduction objective through increased energy efficiency and development of renewable energy sources. has been portrayed by European institutions as an exceptional model of multi-level governance.

Actions speak for themselves

In order to translate their political commitment into concrete measures and projects, Covenant signatories Signatories Signatories represent cities, with different size from small villages to major metropolitan areas such as London or Paris, that have signed the Covenant of Mayors on a voluntary manner and are committed to implement sustainable energy policies to meet and exceed the EU 20% CO2 reduction objective through increased energy efficiency and development of renewable energy sources. notably undertake to prepare a Baseline Emission Inventory Baseline Emission Inventory A Baseline Emission Inventory is a quantification of the amount of CO2 emitted due to energy consumption in the territory of a Covenant signatory within a given period of time – the recommended base year being 1990. It allows to identify the principal sources of CO2 emissions and their respective reduction potentials. and submit, within the year following their signature, a Sustainable Energy Action Plan Sustainable Energy Action Plan A Sustainable Energy Action Plan (SEAP) is the key document in which the Covenant signatory outlines how it intends to reach its CO2 reduction target by 2020. It defines the activities and measures set up to achieve the targets, together with time frames and assigned responsibilities. Covenant signatories are free to choose the format of their SEAP, as long as it is in line with the general principles set out in the Covenant SEAP guidelines. outlining the key actions they plan to undertake.

Beyond energy savings, the results of signatories Signatories Signatories represent cities, with different size from small villages to major metropolitan areas such as London or Paris, that have signed the Covenant of Mayors on a voluntary manner and are committed to implement sustainable energy policies to meet and exceed the EU 20% CO2 reduction objective through increased energy efficiency and development of renewable energy sources. ’ actions are manifold: creation of skilled and stable jobs, not subject to delocalisation; healthier environment and quality of life; enhanced economic competitiveness and greater energy independence. These actions serve as examples for others to follow, notably through referring to the “Benchmarks of Excellence Benchmarks of Excellence Benchmarks of Excellence are relevant examples of initiatives which Covenant signatories, Coordinators and Supporters feel particularly proud of, and moreover endorse as useful actions for other local authorities, provinces, regions or networks to replicate. ”, a database of best practices submitted by Covenant signatories Signatories Signatories represent cities, with different size from small villages to major metropolitan areas such as London or Paris, that have signed the Covenant of Mayors on a voluntary manner and are committed to implement sustainable energy policies to meet and exceed the EU 20% CO2 reduction objective through increased energy efficiency and development of renewable energy sources. . The Catalogue of Sustainable Energy Action Plans Sustainable Energy Action Plans A Sustainable Energy Action Plan (SEAP) is the key document in which the Covenant signatory outlines how it intends to reach its CO2 reduction target by 2020. It defines the activities and measures set up to achieve the targets, together with time frames and assigned responsibilities. Covenant signatories are free to choose the format of their SEAP, as long as it is in line with the general principles set out in the Covenant SEAP guidelines. is another such unique source of inspiration, as it shows at a glance the ambitious objectives set by other signatories Signatories Signatories represent cities, with different size from small villages to major metropolitan areas such as London or Paris, that have signed the Covenant of Mayors on a voluntary manner and are committed to implement sustainable energy policies to meet and exceed the EU 20% CO2 reduction objective through increased energy efficiency and development of renewable energy sources. and the key measures they have identified to reach them.

Multifaceted support

In signatories Signatories Signatories represent cities, with different size from small villages to major metropolitan areas such as London or Paris, that have signed the Covenant of Mayors on a voluntary manner and are committed to implement sustainable energy policies to meet and exceed the EU 20% CO2 reduction objective through increased energy efficiency and development of renewable energy sources. ’ countries
While an increasing number of municipalities are showing the political will to sign up to the Covenant, they do not always have the financial and technical resources to live up to their commitments. For this reason, a special status within the Covenant has been granted to public administrations and networks which are in a position to assist signatories Signatories Signatories represent cities, with different size from small villages to major metropolitan areas such as London or Paris, that have signed the Covenant of Mayors on a voluntary manner and are committed to implement sustainable energy policies to meet and exceed the EU 20% CO2 reduction objective through increased energy efficiency and development of renewable energy sources. in fulfilling their ambitious goals.

Covenant Coordinators Covenant Coordinators The European Commission defines “Covenant Coordinators” as those public administrations which provide strategic guidance, financial and technical support to municipalities signing up to the Covenant of Mayors but lacking necessary skills and/or resources to fulfil their requirements. The Commission distinguishes between Territorial Coordinators, which are sub-national decentralized authorities - including provinces, regions and public groupings of municipalities - and National Coordinators, which are national public bodies - including national energy agencies and ministry of energy. - including provinces, regions and national authorities – provide strategic guidance, financial and technical support to signatories Signatories Signatories represent cities, with different size from small villages to major metropolitan areas such as London or Paris, that have signed the Covenant of Mayors on a voluntary manner and are committed to implement sustainable energy policies to meet and exceed the EU 20% CO2 reduction objective through increased energy efficiency and development of renewable energy sources. .

Network of local authorities, known as Covenant Supporters Covenant Supporters The European Commission defines “Covenant Supporters” as European, national and regional networks and associations of local authorities which leverage their lobbying, communication and networking activities to promote the Covenant of Mayors initiative and support the commitments of its signatories. , commit to maximize the impact of the initiative through promotional activities, liaison with their members and experience-sharing platforms.

From the Covenant of Mayors Office Covenant of Mayors Office The Covenant of Mayors Office (CoMO), established and funded by the European Commission, is responsible for the coordination and daily management of the initiative. It provides signatories with administrative support and technical guidance, facilitates networking between Covenant stakeholders and ensures the promotion of their activities. The CoMO is managed by a consortium of European networks representing local and regional authorities, led by Energy-Cities and composed of CEMR, CLIMATE ALLIANCE, EUROCITIES and Fedarene.
Promotional, technical and administrative assistance is provided on a daily basis to Covenant signatories Signatories Signatories represent cities, with different size from small villages to major metropolitan areas such as London or Paris, that have signed the Covenant of Mayors on a voluntary manner and are committed to implement sustainable energy policies to meet and exceed the EU 20% CO2 reduction objective through increased energy efficiency and development of renewable energy sources. , Covenant Coordinators Covenant Coordinators The European Commission defines “Covenant Coordinators” as those public administrations which provide strategic guidance, financial and technical support to municipalities signing up to the Covenant of Mayors but lacking necessary skills and/or resources to fulfil their requirements. The Commission distinguishes between Territorial Coordinators, which are sub-national decentralized authorities - including provinces, regions and public groupings of municipalities - and National Coordinators, which are national public bodies - including national energy agencies and ministry of energy. and Covenant Supporters Covenant Supporters The European Commission defines “Covenant Supporters” as European, national and regional networks and associations of local authorities which leverage their lobbying, communication and networking activities to promote the Covenant of Mayors initiative and support the commitments of its signatories. by the Covenant of Mayors Office Covenant of Mayors Office The Covenant of Mayors Office (CoMO), established and funded by the European Commission, is responsible for the coordination and daily management of the initiative. It provides signatories with administrative support and technical guidance, facilitates networking between Covenant stakeholders and ensures the promotion of their activities. The CoMO is managed by a consortium of European networks representing local and regional authorities, led by Energy-Cities and composed of CEMR, CLIMATE ALLIANCE, EUROCITIES and Fedarene. (CoM CoM The Covenant of Mayors is the mainstream European movement involving local and regional authorities in the fight against climate change. It is based on a voluntary commitment by signatories to meet and exceed the EU 20% CO2 reduction objective through increased energy efficiency and development of renewable energy sources. O), managed by a consortium of networks representing local and regional authorities.

From the Joint Research Centre Joint Research Centre The Joint Research Centre (JRC) is the scientific and technical arm of the European Commission. It works in close co-operation with the CoMO to provide signatories with clear technical guidelines and templates in order to assist delivery of their Covenant of Mayors commitments as well as to monitor implementation and results.
Website of the JRC: http://ec.europa.eu/dgs/jrc/

In cooperation with the CoM CoM The Covenant of Mayors is the mainstream European movement involving local and regional authorities in the fight against climate change. It is based on a voluntary commitment by signatories to meet and exceed the EU 20% CO2 reduction objective through increased energy efficiency and development of renewable energy sources. O, the Joint Research Centre Joint Research Centre The Joint Research Centre (JRC) is the scientific and technical arm of the European Commission. It works in close co-operation with the CoMO to provide signatories with clear technical guidelines and templates in order to assist delivery of their Covenant of Mayors commitments as well as to monitor implementation and results.
Website of the JRC: http://ec.europa.eu/dgs/jrc/
of the European Commission European Commission The European Commission is the executive body of the European Union. The body is responsible for proposing legislation, implementing decisions, upholding the Union’s treaties and the general day-to-day running of the Union. With the Covenant of Mayors initiative, the European Commission - DG Energy endorses and supports the efforts deployed by local authorities in the implementation of sustainable energy policies. assists signatories Signatories Signatories represent cities, with different size from small villages to major metropolitan areas such as London or Paris, that have signed the Covenant of Mayors on a voluntary manner and are committed to implement sustainable energy policies to meet and exceed the EU 20% CO2 reduction objective through increased energy efficiency and development of renewable energy sources. with scientific and technical questions, mostly related to emission inventories and action plans Action plans A Sustainable Energy Action Plan (SEAP) is the key document in which the Covenant signatory outlines how it intends to reach its CO2 reduction target by 2020. It defines the activities and measures set up to achieve the targets, together with time frames and assigned responsibilities. Covenant signatories are free to choose the format of their SEAP, as long as it is in line with the general principles set out in the Covenant SEAP guidelines. .

Signatories Signatories Signatories represent cities, with different size from small villages to major metropolitan areas such as London or Paris, that have signed the Covenant of Mayors on a voluntary manner and are committed to implement sustainable energy policies to meet and exceed the EU 20% CO2 reduction objective through increased energy efficiency and development of renewable energy sources. are guided through the process thanks to a number of tools and methodologies which have been developed in coordination with the CoM CoM The Covenant of Mayors is the mainstream European movement involving local and regional authorities in the fight against climate change. It is based on a voluntary commitment by signatories to meet and exceed the EU 20% CO2 reduction objective through increased energy efficiency and development of renewable energy sources. O.

From the EU institutions
Alongside the European Commission European Commission The European Commission is the executive body of the European Union. The body is responsible for proposing legislation, implementing decisions, upholding the Union’s treaties and the general day-to-day running of the Union. With the Covenant of Mayors initiative, the European Commission - DG Energy endorses and supports the efforts deployed by local authorities in the implementation of sustainable energy policies. , the Covenant benefits from full institutional support, including from the Committee of the Regions, which supported the initiative since its inception; the European Parliament, where the two first signing ceremonies were held; and the European Investment Bank, which assists local authorities in unlocking their investment potentials.

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With the political support of the European Commission - DG Energy With the political support of the European Commission - DG Energy. Website coordinated by the Covenant of Mayors Office.
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