Covenant of Mayors

Illustration Related Initiatives


Energy in Europe

Energy policy directly affects everyone in Europe. Whatever age we are, and whatever activities we undertake, energy plays a fundamental role in today’s world. The issues and challenges connected to this policy require action at European level; no single national government can address them successfully alone. By working in concert, European Union Member States and European industry can develop energy sectors which best meet the needs of citizens and our economy, whilst minimising damage to our environment.

The European Commission’s Directorate-General for Energy manages work in this area.
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Intelligent Energy Europe
There are many untapped opportunities to save energy and encourage the use of renewable energy sources in Europe, but market conditions do not always help.

The Intelligent Energy - Europe programme is the EU's tool for funding action to improve these conditions and move us towards a more energy intelligent Europe.
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IEE Library IEE Library
The aim of the e-library is to bring together in one place a range of tools and guidebooks on energy efficiency, renewable energy applications and sustainable mobility.
It includes items funded under the Intelligent Energy-Europe (IEE) programme and a selection of instruments picked from over 2,500 EU funded projects (under Altener and Save, CIVITAS, Structural and regional funds, LIFE, RTD 2002-2006 and Phare). In addition, nationally and regionally funded tools and guidebooks have been included.
By providing a thematic collection and consolidation of existing material in selected programme areas, the e-library helps to eliminate intensive initial project phases and removes the need to redevelop certain tools and guidebooks. It also ensures that information remains accessible beyond the legal duration of project contracts.
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ManagEnergy ManagEnergy
ManagEnergy is an initiative of the European Commission Directorate-General for Energy, which aims to support the work of actors working on energy efficiency and renewable energies at the local and regional level. The main tools are training, workshops and online events. Additionally information is provided on case studies, good practice, European legislation and programmes.

This website includes a partner search system with some 4000 organisations, including 380 energy agencies, which can provide valuable expertise and partnerships on energy activities at local and regional levels. You are most welcome to register for the ManagEnergy Initiative including the monthly newsletter.

ManagEnergy also offers free internet broadcast facilities including more than 1000 individual video presentations, speeches and interviews on topical energy matters.

The KidsCorner section provides educational resources for children (under 11), young adults (12-16) and their teachers in 27 languages
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Climate Action Climate Action

Global warming is one of the biggest challenges facing the world today. Unless we act quickly to change the way we use and produce energy, the damage could be irreversible.
The EU has set three key targets which it hopes will put Europe on the right track - towards a sustainable future.
Find more on this website.
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The Pact of Islands is a binding instrument with which island authorities will enter into a political engagement in order to meet the objectives of the project.
The three-page document is structured in a manner similar to the Covenant of Mayors and is taking into account the particularities of European island communities. The Pact of Islands signatories make a number of significant commitments, such as:

to go beyond the objectives set by the EU for 2020, reducing the CO2 emissions in their respective territories by at least 20%;
to submit an Islands Sustainable Energy Action Plan including a Baseline Emission Inventory which outlines how the objectives will be reached;
to submit an implementation report at least every second year following the submission of the Action Plan for evaluation, monitoring and verification purposes;
to organise Energy Days, in cooperation with the European Commission and with other stakeholders, allowing citizens to benefit directly from the opportunities and advantages offered by a more intelligent use of energy, and to regularly inform the local media on developments concerning the action plan;
to attend and contribute to events organised by European Institutions relating to the Pact of Islands & the Covenant of Mayors;
to mobilise sustainable energy investments in their respective territories.

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Concerto Premium Concerto Premium
CONCERTO Premium adds value to the CONCERTO projects, supports the European Commission and contributes to the sustainable success of the CONCERTO initiative on scientific, technical and political level.

The overall objective of the CONCERTO Premium initiative is to work out a robust data and information base that serves as a basis for setting regulatory frameworks and decision support for investors. This will ensure a sustained effect of the CONCERTO initiative with respect to a widespread application/replication of the results and promotion of the implementation of climate protection measures in urban areas of the EU and neighbouring countries.
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CIVITAS Initiative CIVITAS Initiative
CIVITAS stands for City-VITAlity-Sustainability…or cleaner and better transport in cities

CIVITAS is an EU initiative researching and demonstrating practical and policy-related measures that contribute to sustainable urban transport. Since 2002, 58 European cities have benefitted from EU co-funding that helped improve their accessibility and citizens’ quality of life.

Facts and figures:

- To date CIVITAS has demonstrated 658 measures in 58 cities through 13 projects
- Through CIVITAS, EUR 250 million was spent to improve urban mobility and quality of life, where 72 percent was co-funded by the EC
- Its 58 cities are accompanied by a further 128 (e.g.: Tirana, Brussels, Antalya, Athens, Madrid, Warsaw) who benefit from the accumulated know-how, experience, lessons-learned.
- Together they constitute the CIVITAS Forum Network – that’s 68 million citizens in 31 countries
- CIVITAS PLUS II will herald the fourth phase of the Initiative and is envisaged to run until 2016

CIVITAS – A voluntary mechanism to realise EU targets

• Today air quality remains challenged in urban environments, especially by the transport sector where expensive and long-lasting policies are needed, e.g. transfer to cleaner technologies
• Cleaner and safer transport can help fulfill air quality targets laid down in the 2008 CAFÉ Directive - and address the priorities highlighted by the 6th EAP
• Forum Network members sign the ‘CIVITAS Declaration’ - a non-binding voluntary agreement to implement and integrate ‘sustainable urban mobility’ measures e.g.
– clean fuels and vehicles
– transport demand management strategies
– less car dependency, e.g. through bike use, walking
– collective passenger transport services…
…commonly within the framework of a Plan or ‘SUMP’
• Member cities’ technical experts and politicians meet annually to exchange experiences and lessons learned in measure implementation, in dialogue with European Commission representatives

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Build-up Initiative Build-up Initiative
The European Portal for Energy Efficiency in Buildings

BUILD UP is a new environment for building professionals, local authorities and building occupants willing to share their experience on how to cut energy consumption in buildings. Diversity is a major strength of the EU and BUILD UP will promote the exchange of all the best practices, tools and technologies available across Europe for an effective implementation of energy-saving measures in buildings. When it comes to climate change and security of energy supply, there is no easy fix. It is only by working together that we will achieve a real impact.
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The urban mobility portal
The Eltis web portal facilitates the exchange of information and good practice in the field of urban mobility in Europe. Eltis supports the creation of urban transport systems, which use less energy and produce less emissions, while improving the competitiveness of urban areas and the mobility and quality of life of its citizens.
Created more than 10 years ago, Eltis is now Europe's main  portal on urban mobility, with more than 1400 implementation case studies online in several languages, and daily news updates on what's going on around Europe. EU funding information, updates on EU legislation, videos, a tools section and a free image library complement the offer.
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Directorate General for Regional Policy

The mission of the Directorate General for Regional Policy is to strengthen economic, social and territorial cohesion by reducing disparities between the levels of development of regions and countries of the European Union. In this way the policy contributes positively to the overall economic performance of the EU.
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European Programme for Urban Sustainable Development

URBACT is a European Programme, funded by the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF), which aims to foster the exchange of experience among European cities and the capitalisation-dissemination of knowledge on all issues related to sustainable urban development.
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The INTERREG IVC Programme is part of the European Territorial Cooperation Objective of the Structural Fund policies for the period 2007-2013. It aims, by means of interregional cooperation, to improve the effectiveness of regional development policies and contribute to economic modernisation and increased competitiveness of Europe, by:

* Enabling local and regional actors across the EU to exchange their experiences and knowledge;
* Matching regions less experienced in a certain policy field with more advanced regions;
* Ensuring the transfer of good practices into Structural Funds mainstream programmes.

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"DG Information Society & Media pursues an integrated approach to achieving the Information Society, encompassing an evolving regulatory environment which emphasises competition and lets the market decide on technology; a world-class research programme which pools Europe's resources for world leadership; and a range of programmes designed to promote wider use , demonstrate innovative technologies and ensure that the benefits are felt by all".

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Ensuring the best use and uptake of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) by EU citizens, businesses and administrations is one the key objectives of the i2010 strategic framework. The ICT Policy Support Programme (ICT PSP) under the Competitiveness and Innovation Programme (CIP) aims at stimulating innovation and competitiveness through the wider uptake and best use of ICT by citizens, governments and businesses, particularly Small and Medium-sized Enterprises. The approach is based on leveraging innovation in response to growing societal demands.
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External cooperation programmes

The European Union, composed of the Member States and the European Commission, is the world’s biggest aid donor. The Commission’s EuropeAid co-operation office manages EU external aid programmes and ensures that development assistance is delivered worldwide.

EuropeAid's main mission is to implement the Commission’s external aid instruments, both those funded by the Union’s budget and the European Development Fund. The ‘Who's who’ section will tell you how EuropeAid is organised.
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The Directorate-General for the Environment is one of the more than 40 Directorates-General and services that make up the European Commission. Commonly referred to as DG Environment, the objective of the Directorate-General is to protect, preserve and improve the environment for present and future generations. To achieve this it proposes policies that ensure a high level of environmental protection in the European Union and that preserve the quality of life of EU citizens. The four priorities of the DG for the years 2002 to 2012 are climate change; nature and biodiversity; environment, health and quality of life; and natural resources and waste.
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European Green Capital Award European Green Capital Award
Europe is now an essentially urban society, with four out of five Europeans living in towns and cities. Most of the environmental challenges facing our society originate from urban areas, but it is also these urban areas that bring together the commitment and innovation needed to resolve them.

Commission recognises local efforts
The European Commission has long recognised the important role that local authorities play in improving the environment, and their high level of commitment to genuine progress. The European Green Capital Award has been conceived as an initiative to promote and reward these efforts.
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The LIFE programme is the EU’s funding instrument for the environment. The general objective of LIFE is to contribute to the implementation, updating and development of EU environmental policy and legislation by co-financing pilot or demonstration projects with European added value.

The current phase of the programme, LIFE+, runs from 2007-2013 and has a budget of €2.143 billion. During the period 2007-2013, the European Commission will launch one call for LIFE+ project proposals per year. Proposals must be eligible under one of the programme’s three components: LIFE+ Nature and Biodiversity, LIFE+ Environment Policy and Governance, and LIFE+ Information and Communication.

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The European Urban Knowledge Network (EUKN) shares knowledge and experience on tackling urban issues. Seventeen EU Member States, EUROCITIES, the URBACT Programme and the European Commission participate in this European initiative. The EUKN Secretariat is housed at Nicis Institute in The Hague.
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FP 7 FP 7
The 7th Framework Programme for Research and Technological development is a key tool to respond to Europe's needs in terms of jobs and competitiveness, and to maintain leadership in the global knowledge economy. With a € 50 billion budget, it will last for seven years from 2007 until 2013.
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The Joint Research Centre is a research based policy support organisation and an integral part of the European Commission. The JRC is providing the scientific advice and technical know-how to support a wide range of EU policies. Our status as a Commission service, which guarantees our independence from private or national interests, is crucial for pursuing our mission.
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Summary of EU legistlation on Energy Efficiency.
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The Committee of the Regions (CoR) is the political assembly that provides local and regional authorities with a voice at the heart of the European Union.

Established in 1994, the CoR was set up to address two main issues. Firstly, about three quarters of EU legislation is implemented at local or regional level, so it makes sense for local and regional representatives to have a say in the development of new EU laws. Secondly, there were concerns that the public was being left behind as the EU steamed ahead. Involving the elected level of government closest to the citizens was one way of closing the gap.
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The European Investment Bank was created by the Treaty of Rome in 1958 as the long-term lending bank of the European Union.

The task of the Bank is to contribute towards the integration, balanced development and economic and social cohesion of the EU Member States.

The EIB raises substantial volumes of funds on the capital markets which it lends on favourable terms to projects furthering EU policy objectives. The EIB continuously adapts its activity to developments in EU policies.
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The INTERACT programme provides technical assistance, training and advisory services to European Territorial Cooperation programmes and bodies.
It also offers a unique forum for European Territorial Cooperation stakeholders by supporting institutional and thematic networks on topics of common interest.
INTERACT’s expertise includes:
• Programme and financial management
• Project management and support
• Capitalisation for cooperation programmes and projects
• Strategic programme planning
• Audit and control
• Monitoring and evaluation
• Communication

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Sustainable Urban Mobility Campaign Sustainable Urban Mobility Campaign
The European Commission’s Sustainable Urban Mobility (SUM) campaign supports individuals & organisations who promote a new, sustainable urban mobility culture. 
The campaign is a three-year initiative aiming to support campaigners in 31 countries. An award fund supports actions at the local, regional and/or national, or even EU level. The campaign includes an award scheme for European cities based on their sustainable urban mobility plans (SUMPs).

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European Mobility Week European Mobility Week
Mobility Week

Each year, from 16 to 22 September the European cities and towns will have the opportunity to participate to the most widespread event on sustainable mobility, the European Mobility Week.

A full week of events dedicated to sustainable mobility will be organised in more than 2200 cities and towns.

Why such a campaign?
Such an undertaking arose from a finding: Europeans are very worried about pollution and urban mobility. In town, many people complain of a poor quality of life: air pollution, noise pollution, overcrowding, etc. And yet, the number of cars is increasing...

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Sustainable Energy Europe Campaign

A European Campaign to change the landscape of energy: Sustainable Energy Europe is a European Commission initiative in the framework of the Intelligent Energy - Europe Programme, which will contribute to achieve the European Union's energy policy targets within the fields of renewable energy sources, energy efficiency, clean transport and alternative fuels.
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High Level Event on ICT for Energy Efficiency

Organised by the European Commission's Information Society and Media Directorate-General, in cooperation with the Czech Presidency of the European Union
ICT enabling Energy Efficiency.
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Open Days Open Days

The OPEN DAYS – European Week of Regions and Cities is an annual four-day event during which cities and regions showcase their capacity to create growth and jobs, implement European Union cohesion policy, and prove the importance of the local and regional level for good European governance.

Over the years, the OPEN DAYS has grown into the key event on EU Regional Policy. It welcomes some 6 000 participants in October each year (local, regional, national and European decision-makers and experts) for more than 100 workshops and debates, exhibitions and networking opportunities.
In addition to the Brussels-based workshops, some 250 local events are run from September to November all over Europe.
The next OPEN DAYS will be held from 7-10 October 2013.

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Green Week Green Week
The biggest annual conference on European environment policy turns the spotlight this year on the multi-faceted challenges of climate change.

* What are the prospects for reaching a new global deal to control climate change at the crucial Copenhagen conference in December?
* How can we best 'climate-proof' our economies against the impacts of present and future climate change?
* How can we create a carbon-free society by 2050?
* How can we ensure action to address climate change best serves conservation of the ecosystems that support life on Earth?

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Council of European Municipalities and Regions
The Council of European Municipalities was founded in Geneva in 1951 by a group of European mayors; later, it opened its ranks to the regions and became the Council of European Municipalities and Regions.

Today, it is the largest organisation of local and regional government in Europe; its members are over 50 national associations of towns, municipalities and regions from 37 countries. Together these associations represent some 100,000 local and regional authorities.
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Climate Alliance Climate Alliance
The Climate Alliance of European Cities with the Indigenous Rainforest Peoples / Alianza del Clima e. V. is Europe's largest city network for climate protection and aims for the preservation of the global climate.
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C40 Cities C40 Cities
C40 is a group of the world's largest cities committed to tackling climate change. On this website you will find news and updates on current C40 programmes, information about each of the cities involved, and links to useful documents.
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Energy Cities Energy Cities
Energy Cities is the association of European local authorities promoting local sustainable energy policies.
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EUROCITIES is the network of major European cities. Founded in 1986, the network brings together the local governments of more than 130 large cities in over 30 European countries. EUROCITIES provides a platform for its member cities to share knowledge and ideas, to exchange experiences, to analyse common problems and develop innovative solutions, through a wide range of Forums, Working Groups, Projects, activities and events.
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FEDARENE is the premier European network of regional and local organisations which implement, co-ordinate and facilitate energy and environment policies. Regional and local agencies, ministries and departments working in these fields, are represented in FEDARENE.
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ICLEI - Local Governments for Sustainability is an international association of local governments as well as national and regional local government organizations that have made a commitment to sustainable development.
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METREX, the Network of European Metropolitan Regions and Areas, provides a platform for the exchange of knowledge, expertise and experience on metropolitan affairs, and joint action on issues of common interest. The Network has members from some 50 metropolitan regions and areas and partners in many others.
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LG Climate Roadmap LG Climate Roadmap
Leading local government associations world-wide, representing communities around the globe, are driving the Local Government Climate Roadmap, a process started in December 2007, during COP 13, to advocate for a strong and comprehensive post-2012 global climate agreement, which will be hopefully adopted during COP 15 in Copenhagen, December 2009.
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ESCT Campaign ESCT Campaign
The Sustainable Cities and Towns Campaign seeks to meet the mandate established for the local level in Chapter 28 of the Agenda 21 document, aiming to translate to the European level the outcomes of the Rio World Summit 1992.
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Cities for Climate Protection Cities for Climate Protection
Established in 1993, the Cities for Climate ProtectionTM
(CCP) Campaign was developed by ICLEI – Local Governments for
Sustainability (ICLEI) together with its members as a framework for
action. The European CCP Campaign represents more tnan 61 million citizens across the wider European region.
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Climate Portal of the Alpine Convention Climate Portal of the Alpine Convention

The webpage of the Alpine Convention on Climate Change has the purpose to contribute to the implementation of the Action Plan on Climate Change in the Alps adopted in March 2009 by the Contracting Parties of the Alpine Convention. The Alpine States have agreed that the time has come to act collectively and at a large scale to make the Alpine region a model region regarding the problem of climate change, and this website shall be an interactive tool to support this objective. The site proposes reference texts, relevant publications and bibliographies, as well as a “knowledge centre”, which recollects useful addresses of the main actors at local and regional level supporting or carrying concrete measures on climate change. The Good Practice and the News & Events windows allow the actors on the field to submit their experiences and share their initiatives regarding climate action in the Alps.

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The Starlight Initiative The Starlight Initiative
The Starlight Initiative is designed as an international action in defence of the quality of night sky and its associated values. One of the main actions within the Initiative is the development of a network of Starlight Cities and Municipalities as sites that promote intelligent outdoor lighting with the double function of saving energy and recovering the starry sky.
The Starlight Initiative aims to fight against the harmful effects of light pollution that is a growing problem in our cities and municipalities. The waste of outdoor lighting increases energy consumption and is economically unjustified. It also increases the level of emissions that contribute to climate change.
Starlight Cities and Municipalities will commit to:
• promote and replicate best practices in cities’ outdoor lighting, aiming to increase energy efficiency of 20% at least, and to decrease light pollution of no less than 20%.
• disseminate successful ordinances and regulations on responsible outdoor lighting among local authorities.
• promote sustainable lighting plans respectful of night sky quality and energy efficiency.
• disseminate and recommend the best eco-efficient and innovative light technologies.
• develop outreach and training actions addressed to local people, local authorities and those in charge of outdoor lighting.
• disseminate the Practical Guide for Outdoor Lighting among the main stakeholders and local authorities.
The Starlight Initiative relies on the support of UNESCO-MaB, IAC, IAU and other international organizations.

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With the political support of the European Commission - DG Energy With the political support of the European Commission - DG Energy. Website coordinated by the Covenant of Mayors Office.
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