Illustration Signatories

The fight against climate change will be won or lost in urban areas. A vast majority of the European population lives and works in cities, consuming an estimated 80% of the energy used in the EU. Local administrations, as the closest government level to citizens are ideally placed to address climate issues in a comprehensive manner. More and more cities are thus deciding to take up the challenge, as shown by the growing number of Covenant of Mayors signatories.

Signatory cities vary in size from small villages to major metropolitan areas such as London or Paris.

The commitments for Covenant Signatories are linked to the European Union’s Climate and energy policy framework. These include the European Union’s climate and energy package for 2020 for signatories who have joined between 2008 and 2015 and the European Union’s 2030 climate and energy framework as well as the EU Strategy on Adaptation to Climate Change for signatories joining after 2015.

As of October 2015, Covenant signatories commit to adopting an integrated approach to climate change mitigation and adaptation. They are required to develop Sustainable Energy and Climate Action Plans with the aims of cutting CO2 emissions by at least 40% by 2030 and increasing resilience to climate change within the first two years of adhesion.

The list of cities that have signed up to the Covenant of Mayors can be found below.


Mitigation (2020 target)


Mayor (or equivalent): Thomas Geisel
Population: 597,102 inhabitants

Covenant status

Date of adhesion: 8 June 2010
Status 3

Covenant Supporters

Covenant Supporters Countries Signatories
Climate AllianceGermany89


Sector: Municipal buildings, equipment/facilities
Implementation timeframe: 2009 - 2020
Area of intervention: Other
Policy instrument: Other
Responsible body: Office for Facility Management
CO2 reduction :
21000 t CO2 eq./a
Implementation cost (€):
12 Million €

Description: Düsseldorf does expressly not purchase electricity with an above-average contingent of renewable energy. Neither on the national nor on the European scale there exist uniform certification procedures for a unique labelling of the so called eco-power. The eco-power available is predominantly generated in old or foreign energy plants. As a more actual resource protection Düsseldorf spends 1 Eurocent for each kWh electricity consumed – the surplus amount of the purchase of eco-power, round about 1 Mio. € each year – in building own plants to generate sustainable and renewable power. Not only the environment but also the regional economy benefits from this action.
Financing sources: Local Authority’s own resources

Rate this benchmark: BadPoorFairGoodExcellent (3 votes)

Benchmarks Date Language
Eco-Cent18 Nov 2014 en
Klimafreundliches Wohnen in Düsseldorf17 Nov 2014 de
Gas-steam power plant13 Nov 2014 de
Last updated at: 8 July 2016
The sole responsibility for the content of this website lies with the authors. It does not reflect the opinion of the European Union. The European Commission is not responsible for any use that may be made of the information contained therein.
To exchange
via your mobile
To become fan
of the Covenant page
To subscribe to the
Rss feeds
To receive news
in real-time
With the political support of the European Commission With the political support of the European Commission. Website coordinated by the Covenant of Mayors Office.
News | Agenda | Site map | RSS help | Credits | Legal