Illustration Signatories

The fight against climate change will be won or lost in urban areas. A vast majority of the European population lives and works in cities, consuming an estimated 80% of the energy used in the EU. Local administrations, as the closest government level to citizens are ideally placed to address climate issues in a comprehensive manner. More and more cities are thus deciding to take up the challenge, as shown by the growing number of Covenant of Mayors signatories.

Signatory cities vary in size from small villages to major metropolitan areas such as London or Paris.

The commitments for Covenant Signatories are linked to the European Union’s Climate and energy policy framework. These include the European Union’s climate and energy package for 2020 for signatories who have joined between 2008 and 2015 and the European Union’s 2030 climate and energy framework as well as the EU Strategy on Adaptation to Climate Change for signatories joining after 2015.

As of October 2015, Covenant signatories commit to adopting an integrated approach to climate change mitigation and adaptation. They are required to develop Sustainable Energy and Climate Action Plans with the aims of cutting CO2 emissions by at least 40% by 2030 and increasing resilience to climate change within the first two years of adhesion.

The list of cities that have signed up to the Covenant of Mayors can be found below.


Mitigation (2020 target)2030 CO2 targetAdaptation


Mayor (or equivalent): Anne Hidalgo
Population: 2,265,886 inhabitants

Covenant status

Date of adhesion: 16 December 2008
Status 3


Main contact: Françoise Yann
Position: Manager of Paris climate protection plan
Phone: +33171285062

Covenant Supporters

Covenant Supporters Countries Signatories
Energy CitiesFrance50


Meals carbon simulator
Sector: Others
Implementation timeframe: 2012 - 2013
Area of intervention: Other
Policy instrument: Awareness raising / training
Responsible body: City of Paris
CO2 reduction :
1700 t CO2 eq./a
Implementation cost (€):
1 €

Description: Designed for managers of Parisian caterers, this tool aims to take into account the objectives of the Paris climate and energy action plan (30% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions to 2020 for administration) It assesses the GHG emissions of meals eaten in a restaurant depending on the collective choice of menus. Playful, friendly and educational, meals carbon simulator can be used by all.
Financing sources: Local Authority’s own resources

Rate this benchmark: BadPoorFairGoodExcellent (3 votes)

Benchmarks Date Language
Meals carbon simulator 24 Oct 2014 en
The greening program of Paris 23 Oct 2014 en
Sustainable government mobility plan23 Oct 2014 en
Solar land registry in Paris15 Oct 2014 en
Tourist accommodation 1 Oct 2014 en
Charter PARIS CLIMATE ACTION 1 Oct 2014 en
Parisian Climate Agency22 Sep 2014 en
Clim Way Paris : serious game about climate22 Sep 2014 en
Local waste prevention program22 Sep 2014 en
Sustainable food plan22 Sep 2014 en
Energy retrofitting of all schools in Paris22 Sep 2014 en
Renew municipal heating system22 Sep 2014 en
Paris Finance Plus22 Sep 2014 en
The largest program in France of thermal renovation of private housing - October 201422 Sep 2014 en
Operation of thermal buildings improvement 22 Sep 2014 en
Operation of thermal buildings improvement 22 Sep 2014 en
Construction and renovation of social dwellings22 Sep 2014 en
Public lighting installations and lighted traffic signals22 Sep 2014 en
Improvement and increase of the public transport offer22 Sep 2014 en
Vélib' and facilitation of cycling in the city22 Sep 2014 en
Incentive for electric mobility 22 Sep 2014 en
Sustainable urban logistic22 Sep 2014 en
Cycling in Paris22 Sep 2014 en
Solar systems22 Sep 2014 en
The sole responsibility for the content of this website lies with the authors. It does not reflect the opinion of the European Union. The European Commission is not responsible for any use that may be made of the information contained therein.
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