Illustration Signatories

The fight against climate change will be won or lost in urban areas. A vast majority of the European population lives and works in cities, consuming an estimated 80% of the energy used in the EU. Local administrations, as the closest government level to citizens are ideally placed to address climate issues in a comprehensive manner. More and more cities are thus deciding to take up the challenge, as shown by the growing number of Covenant of Mayors signatories.

Signatory cities vary in size from small villages to major metropolitan areas such as London or Paris.

The commitments for Covenant Signatories are linked to the European Union’s Climate and energy policy framework. These include the European Union’s climate and energy package for 2020 for signatories who have joined between 2008 and 2015 and the European Union’s 2030 climate and energy framework as well as the EU Strategy on Adaptation to Climate Change for signatories joining after 2015.

As of October 2015, Covenant signatories commit to adopting an integrated approach to climate change mitigation and adaptation. They are required to develop Sustainable Energy and Climate Action Plans with the aims of cutting CO2 emissions by at least 40% by 2030 and increasing resilience to climate change within the first two years of adhesion.

The list of cities that have signed up to the Covenant of Mayors can be found below.


Mitigation (2020 target)2030 CO2 targetAdaptation


Population: 1,814,597 inhabitants

Covenant status

Date of adhesion: 9 December 2008
Status 3


Main contact: Jennifer Wesche
Position: Hamburg Ministry of Environment and Energy, Department for Legal Affairs and Shareholding Management

Covenant Supporters

Covenant Supporters Countries Signatories
Climate AllianceGermany89
ICLEI - Local Governments for Sustainability, European SecretariatGermany25
METREX (Network of European Metropolitan Regions and Areas)United Kingdom3


Funding Programme "Unternehmen für Ressourcenschutz"
Sector: Industry
Implementation timeframe: 1997 - 2020
Area of intervention: Energy efficiency in industrial processes
Policy instrument: Grants and subsidies
Responsible body: Ministry of Environment and Energy
CO2 reduction :
40000 t CO2 eq./a
Implementation cost (€):
800000 €

Description: With this program, IFB Hamburg (Investitions- und Förderbank) gives individual funding to companies for efficient use of energy. The aim of the program is to tap into existing potentials for saving energy, water and raw materials.
Financing sources: Local Authority’s own resources

Rate this benchmark: BadPoorFairGoodExcellent (0 vote)

Benchmarks Date Language
Funding Programme "Unternehmen für Ressourcenschutz"19 Nov 2017 en
Letter of intent: Voluntary commitment of the industry to reduce CO2-reductions19 Nov 2017 en
Implementation of the measures from schools‘ climate action plans 19 Nov 2017 en
Last updated at: 18 May 2012
The sole responsibility for the content of this website lies with the authors. It does not reflect the opinion of the European Union. The European Commission is not responsible for any use that may be made of the information contained therein.
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