Illustration Signatories

The fight against climate change will be won or lost in urban areas. A vast majority of the European population lives and works in cities, consuming an estimated 80% of the energy used in the EU. Local administrations, as the closest government level to citizens are ideally placed to address climate issues in a comprehensive manner. More and more cities are thus deciding to take up the challenge, as shown by the growing number of Covenant of Mayors signatories.

Signatory cities vary in size from small villages to major metropolitan areas such as London or Paris.

The commitments for Covenant Signatories are linked to the European Union’s Climate and energy policy framework. These include the European Union’s climate and energy package for 2020 for signatories who have joined between 2008 and 2015 and the European Union’s 2030 climate and energy framework as well as the EU Strategy on Adaptation to Climate Change for signatories joining after 2015.

As of October 2015, Covenant signatories commit to adopting an integrated approach to climate change mitigation and adaptation. They are required to develop Sustainable Energy and Climate Action Plans with the aims of cutting CO2 emissions by at least 40% by 2030 and increasing resilience to climate change within the first two years of adhesion.

The list of cities that have signed up to the Covenant of Mayors can be found below.


Mitigation (2020 target)


Mayor (or equivalent): Nils Ušakovs
Population: 650,640 inhabitants

Covenant status

Date of adhesion: 30 September 2008
Status 2


Main contact: Maija Rubina
Position: Director, Riga Energy Agency
Phone: +37167012350

Covenant Supporters

Covenant Supporters Countries Signatories
Energy CitiesFrance50
Union of Baltic CitiesPoland10


Renovation of education establishments
Sector: Municipal buildings, equipment/facilities
Implementation timeframe: 2010 - 2020
Area of intervention: Building envelope
Policy instrument: Grants and subsidies
Responsible body: Riga City Council, Riga City Property Department
CO2 reduction :
4858 t CO2 eq./a
Energy savings (MWh):
25170 MWh/a
Renewable energy produced (MWh):
560 MWh/a
Implementation cost (€):
23.14 Million €

Description: In 2010 - 2011 Riga City has renovated 93 of 400 municipal public buildings, mostly schools and pre-schools. The main energy efficiency improvement activities are windows' change, facades' insulation, roofs' insulation and complex renovations. Also renewable energy was introduced replacing the last coal fuel boilers in the municipal buildings - 2 pre-schools have ground source heat pumps, 3 - have wood pellet fuel boilers installed and 2 kindergartens have solar water heaters. Results are reduced energy consumption and CO2 emissions, better air quality and improved urban environment, new jobs and technical skills as well as better informed local community.
Financing sources: Local Authority’s own resources, National Funds & Programmes, EU Funds & Programmes

Rate this benchmark: BadPoorFairGoodExcellent (6 votes)

Benchmarks Date Language
Renovation of education establishments30 Sep 2009 en
Heat recovery from unused low-potential heat flows30 Sep 2009 en
Production of additional heat without combustion of fuel30 Sep 2009 en
Last updated at: 2 July 2015
The sole responsibility for the content of this website lies with the authors. It does not reflect the opinion of the European Union. The European Commission is not responsible for any use that may be made of the information contained therein.
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