Illustration Signatories

The fight against climate change will be won or lost in urban areas. A vast majority of the European population lives and works in cities, consuming an estimated 80% of the energy used in the EU. Local administrations, as the closest government level to citizens are ideally placed to address climate issues in a comprehensive manner. More and more cities are thus deciding to take up the challenge, as shown by the growing number of Covenant of Mayors signatories.

Signatory cities vary in size from small villages to major metropolitan areas such as London or Paris.

The commitments for Covenant Signatories are linked to the European Union’s Climate and energy policy framework. These include the European Union’s climate and energy package for 2020 for signatories who have joined between 2008 and 2015 and the European Union’s 2030 climate and energy framework as well as the EU Strategy on Adaptation to Climate Change for signatories joining after 2015.

As of October 2015, Covenant signatories commit to adopting an integrated approach to climate change mitigation and adaptation. They are required to develop Sustainable Energy and Climate Action Plans with the aims of cutting CO2 emissions by at least 40% by 2030 and increasing resilience to climate change within the first two years of adhesion.

The list of cities that have signed up to the Covenant of Mayors can be found below.


Mitigation (2020 target)


Mayor (or equivalent): Anneli Hulthén
Population: 506,100 inhabitants

Covenant status

Date of adhesion: 3 September 2008
Status 3


Main contact: Anna Cognell
Position: Urban development officer

Covenant Supporters

Covenant Supporters Countries Signatories


Climate Smart City Distribution
Sector: Transport
Implementation timeframe: 2010 - 2013
Area of intervention: Improvement of logistics and urban freight transport
Policy instrument: Transport mobility planning regulation
Responsible body: City of Gothenburg
CO2 reduction :
1 t CO2 eq./a

Description: Climate Smart City Distribution is a collaborative project aimed at developing and demonstrating more effective and eco-friendly solutions for city distribution. The project is a collaboration between various freight delivery companies, vehicle manufacturers, fuel suppliers and governmental organizations. The overall objective of the project is to reduce the climatic impact from distribution traffic within the city of Goteborg's environmental zone by 50% (for the vehicle fleets of the participating shipping companies). The objective will be realized through the introduction of energy-efficient vehicle technology, renewable fuels and new solutions for freight coordination and consolidated shipment. The combination of all these various sub-solutions form a model that could also be applied in other cities and eventually exported to other countries.
Financing sources: Local Authority’s own resources

Rate this benchmark: BadPoorFairGoodExcellent (3 votes)

Benchmarks Date Language
Climate Smart City Distribution14 Nov 2014 en
Onshore Power Supply in Port of Gothenburg12 Nov 2014 en
Bike sharing "Styr & Ställ"12 Nov 2014 en
ElectriCity (Electric buses)12 Nov 2014 en
Green bonds12 Nov 2014 en
Net Zero Energy Schools12 Nov 2014 en
EU Gugle (Sustainable renovation models for smarter cities)12 Nov 2014 en
Last updated at: 20 February 2015
The sole responsibility for the content of this website lies with the authors. It does not reflect the opinion of the European Union. The European Commission is not responsible for any use that may be made of the information contained therein.
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