Illustration Signatories

The fight against climate change will be won or lost in urban areas. A vast majority of the European population lives and works in cities, consuming an estimated 80% of the energy used in the EU. Local administrations, as the closest government level to citizens are ideally placed to address climate issues in a comprehensive manner. More and more cities are thus deciding to take up the challenge, as shown by the growing number of Covenant of Mayors signatories.

Signatory cities vary in size from small villages to major metropolitan areas such as London or Paris.

The commitments for Covenant Signatories are linked to the European Union’s Climate and energy policy framework. These include the European Union’s climate and energy package for 2020 for signatories who have joined between 2008 and 2015 and the European Union’s 2030 climate and energy framework as well as the EU Strategy on Adaptation to Climate Change for signatories joining after 2015.

As of October 2015, Covenant signatories commit to adopting an integrated approach to climate change mitigation and adaptation. They are required to develop Sustainable Energy and Climate Action Plans with the aims of cutting CO2 emissions by at least 40% by 2030 and increasing resilience to climate change within the first two years of adhesion.

The list of cities that have signed up to the Covenant of Mayors can be found below.


Mitigation (2020 target)


Mayor (or equivalent): Ilmar Reepalu
Population: 320,000 inhabitants

Covenant status

Date of adhesion: 17 November 2008
Status 3


Main contact: Roland Zinkernagel
Position: Environment Department - City of Malmö

Covenant Supporters

Covenant Supporters Countries Signatories
Energy CitiesFrance50
ICLEI - Local Governments for Sustainability, European SecretariatGermany25
The Climate Municipalities (Sweden - Klimatkommunerna)Sweden21


Sector: Others
Implementation timeframe: 2010 - 2020
Area of intervention: Other
Policy instrument: Land use planning
Responsible body: City Planning Committee and Technical Committee
CO2 reduction :
400 t CO2 eq./a
Implementation cost (€):
15 Million €

Description: Gas-Electric hybrid extended busses running on prioritsed bus lanes.
Financing sources: Local Authority’s own resources

Rate this benchmark: BadPoorFairGoodExcellent (5 votes)

Benchmarks Date Language
Malmöexpressen 3 Feb 2015 en
Environmental Construction Programme 3 Feb 2015 sv
Low-emission municipal vehicles 3 Feb 2015 sv
Last updated at: 29 March 2012
The sole responsibility for the content of this website lies with the authors. It does not reflect the opinion of the European Union. The European Commission is not responsible for any use that may be made of the information contained therein.
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