Illustration Signatories

The fight against climate change will be won or lost in urban areas. A vast majority of the European population lives and works in cities, consuming an estimated 80% of the energy used in the EU. Local administrations, as the closest government level to citizens are ideally placed to address climate issues in a comprehensive manner. More and more cities are thus deciding to take up the challenge, as shown by the growing number of Covenant of Mayors signatories.

Signatory cities vary in size from small villages to major metropolitan areas such as London or Paris.

The commitments for Covenant Signatories are linked to the European Union’s Climate and energy policy framework. These include the European Union’s climate and energy package for 2020 for signatories who have joined between 2008 and 2015 and the European Union’s 2030 climate and energy framework as well as the EU Strategy on Adaptation to Climate Change for signatories joining after 2015.

As of October 2015, Covenant signatories commit to adopting an integrated approach to climate change mitigation and adaptation. They are required to develop Sustainable Energy and Climate Action Plans with the aims of cutting CO2 emissions by at least 40% by 2030 and increasing resilience to climate change within the first two years of adhesion.

The list of cities that have signed up to the Covenant of Mayors can be found below.


Mitigation (2020 target)Adaptation


Mayor (or equivalent): Edgar Savisaar
Population: 413,727 inhabitants

Covenant status

Date of adhesion: 5 February 2009
Status 3


Main contact: Relo Ligi
Position: Deputy Head, Tallinn Environment Department


Main contact: Villu Pella
Position: Director of Tallinna Energy Agency

Covenant Supporters

Covenant Supporters Countries Signatories


PPP deep renovation two kindergarten
Sector: Municipal buildings, equipment/facilities
Implementation timeframe: 2011 - 2020
Area of intervention: Integrated action (all above)
Policy instrument: Building standards
Responsible body: Educational Department of Tallinn
CO2 reduction :
30 t CO2 eq./a
Energy savings (MWh):
150 MWh/a
Implementation cost (€):
3.19 Million €

Description: The kindergarten from former Soviet era have an unregulated heating systems and not at all the ventilation systems. Therefore the microclimate in the rooms not respond todays standards. In two kindergarten carried out deep renovation with PPP. We achieved a good microclimate in the rooms and the heating bills dropped down.
Financing sources: Local Authority’s own resources, Public-Private Partnerships

Rate this benchmark: BadPoorFairGoodExcellent (3 votes)

Benchmarks Date Language
Free public transport for citizens16 Feb 2015 en
PPP by renovation the school buildings16 Feb 2015 en
PPP deep renovation two kindergarten16 Feb 2015 en
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