Illustration Signatories

The fight against climate change will be won or lost in urban areas. A vast majority of the European population lives and works in cities, consuming an estimated 80% of the energy used in the EU. Local administrations, as the closest government level to citizens are ideally placed to address climate issues in a comprehensive manner. More and more cities are thus deciding to take up the challenge, as shown by the growing number of Covenant of Mayors signatories.

Signatory cities vary in size from small villages to major metropolitan areas such as London or Paris.

The commitments for Covenant Signatories are linked to the European Union’s Climate and energy policy framework. These include the European Union’s climate and energy package for 2020 for signatories who have joined between 2008 and 2015 and the European Union’s 2030 climate and energy framework as well as the EU Strategy on Adaptation to Climate Change for signatories joining after 2015.

As of October 2015, Covenant signatories commit to adopting an integrated approach to climate change mitigation and adaptation. They are required to develop Sustainable Energy and Climate Action Plans with the aims of cutting CO2 emissions by at least 40% by 2030 and increasing resilience to climate change within the first two years of adhesion.

The list of cities that have signed up to the Covenant of Mayors can be found below.


Mitigation (2020 target)


Mayor (or equivalent): Céline Fremault
Population: 1,048,491 inhabitants

Covenant status

Date of adhesion: 6 December 2008
Status 3

Covenant Supporters

Covenant Supporters Countries Signatories


Mobility Workplace Plans
Sector: Transport
Implementation timeframe: 2005 - 2020
Responsible body: IBGE, AED
CO2 reduction :
25000 t CO2 eq./a

Description: In three years time, the obligation of Mobility Workplace Plans (MWPs) brought a 5% decrease of the share of cars in the modal split for commuters (workplace – home).The Brussels-Capital Region currently provides employment to about 680,000 people. More than half of these workers live outside the Region and 57% of them travel to work by car, most of them driving alone. To improve mobility, a decree imposing the MWP on any company and organisation with more than 200 workers or employees came into effect on 1st July 2004. A MWP is the study, implementation and follow-up within a company or group of companies, of measures which aim to promote the sustainable management of mobility linked to the activity of this or these company(ies). This tool allows each company: • to analyse the transport modes of the company’s workers and goods; • to analyse the transport modes of visitors; • to evaluate past measures taken in order to improve mobility; • to encourage the use of alternatives to the car whilst still retaining compatibility with the activities and the well-being of workers. The aim of the MWP is to initiate a long-term process, characterised by the progressive implementation of concrete mobility measures. The plan is to be achieved within two initial phases, followed by an annual update. In order to draw up their MWPs, companies are guided by a questionnaire which is sent to the Follow-up Cell, which in turn provides advice about each phase.
Financing sources: Local Authority’s own resources

Rate this benchmark: BadPoorFairGoodExcellent (6 votes)

Benchmarks Date Language
Mobility Workplace Plans30 Mar 2010 en
P.L.A.G.E (Local Action Plan in Energy Management)30 Mar 2010 en
Exemplary buildings30 Sep 2009 en
Last updated at: 7 September 2017
The sole responsibility for the content of this website lies with the authors. It does not reflect the opinion of the European Union. The European Commission is not responsible for any use that may be made of the information contained therein.
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