Illustration Signatories

The fight against climate change will be won or lost in urban areas. A vast majority of the European population lives and works in cities, consuming an estimated 80% of the energy used in the EU. Local administrations, as the closest government level to citizens are ideally placed to address climate issues in a comprehensive manner. More and more cities are thus deciding to take up the challenge, as shown by the growing number of Covenant of Mayors signatories.

Signatory cities vary in size from small villages to major metropolitan areas such as London or Paris.

The commitments for Covenant Signatories are linked to the European Union’s Climate and energy policy framework. These include the European Union’s climate and energy package for 2020 for signatories who have joined between 2008 and 2015 and the European Union’s 2030 climate and energy framework as well as the EU Strategy on Adaptation to Climate Change for signatories joining after 2015.

As of October 2015, Covenant signatories commit to adopting an integrated approach to climate change mitigation and adaptation. They are required to develop Sustainable Energy and Climate Action Plans with the aims of cutting CO2 emissions by at least 40% by 2030 and increasing resilience to climate change within the first two years of adhesion.

The list of cities that have signed up to the Covenant of Mayors can be found below.


Mitigation (2020 target)


Mayor (or equivalent): Céline Fremault
Population: 1,048,491 inhabitants

Covenant status

Date of adhesion: 6 December 2008
Status 3

Covenant Supporters

Covenant Supporters Countries Signatories


Sector: Residential buildings
Implementation timeframe: 2017 - 2020
Area of intervention: Integrated action (all above)
Policy instrument: Energy management
Responsible body: IBGE
CO2 reduction :
690 t CO2 eq./a
Implementation cost (€):
13.96 Million €

Description: HomeGrade is an integrated service aiming to support individuals willing to improve their housing in the Brussels Region. Tenants, homeowners, landlords or co-owners of buildings can benefit from information about acoustics, energy, housing, renovation, heritage and urban planning. Home visits are offered in order to help reducing energy bils and implementing the refurbishment projects. If necessary, HomeGrade offers smalls interventions (caulking doors and windows, installation of reflective panels behind the radiators ...). Consultants are present to assist in technical and administrative procedures as well as with the existing financial assistance. HomeGrade also organises conferences and participative workshops.
Financing sources: Local Authority’s own resources

Rate this benchmark: BadPoorFairGoodExcellent (0 vote)

Benchmarks Date Language
HomeGrade27 Oct 2017 en
P.L.A.G.E (Local Action Plan in Energy Management) 17 Oct 2017 en
EPB reinforcement 13 Sep 2017 en
Last updated at: 17 November 2017
The sole responsibility for the content of this website lies with the authors. It does not reflect the opinion of the European Union. The European Commission is not responsible for any use that may be made of the information contained therein.
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