Illustration Signatories

The fight against climate change will be won or lost in urban areas. A vast majority of the European population lives and works in cities, consuming an estimated 80% of the energy used in the EU. Local administrations, as the closest government level to citizens are ideally placed to address climate issues in a comprehensive manner. More and more cities are thus deciding to take up the challenge, as shown by the growing number of Covenant of Mayors signatories.

Signatory cities vary in size from small villages to major metropolitan areas such as London or Paris.

The commitments for Covenant Signatories are linked to the European Union’s Climate and energy policy framework. These include the European Union’s climate and energy package for 2020 for signatories who have joined between 2008 and 2015 and the European Union’s 2030 climate and energy framework as well as the EU Strategy on Adaptation to Climate Change for signatories joining after 2015.

As of October 2015, Covenant signatories commit to adopting an integrated approach to climate change mitigation and adaptation. They are required to develop Sustainable Energy and Climate Action Plans with the aims of cutting CO2 emissions by at least 40% by 2030 and increasing resilience to climate change within the first two years of adhesion.

The list of cities that have signed up to the Covenant of Mayors can be found below.


Mitigation (2020 target)


Mayor (or equivalent): Anders Teljebäck
Population: 140,000 inhabitants

Covenant status

Date of adhesion: 9 December 2009
Status 3


Main contact: Anna Jungmarker
Position: Climate strategist


New public transport system
Sector: Transport
Implementation timeframe: 2013 - 2013
Area of intervention: Modal shift to public transport
Policy instrument: Other
Responsible body: Technical Services Committee
CO2 reduction :
8500 t CO2 eq./a
Implementation cost (€):
17 Million €

Description: In August 2013 Västerås got a new public transport system. The new public transport system consists of seven main lines with very high frequency. The key words for the new public transport system is "simpler, more often, more quickly." The goal is that travel by public transport will increase by 40% in five years. At the start of the new public transport system 24 new biogas buses were purchased. The Biogas buses are driven on locally produced biogas and are adapted to urban conditions that will lead to lower noise levels. Nowadays all the city buses are driven on biogas in Västerås.
Financing sources: Local Authority’s own resources

Rate this benchmark: BadPoorFairGoodExcellent (9 votes)

Benchmarks Date Language
New public transport system20 Feb 2015 en
New combined heat and power plant20 Feb 2015 en
Low-temperature district heating20 Feb 2015 en
Last updated at: 21 February 2015
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