Illustration Signatories

The fight against climate change will be won or lost in urban areas. A vast majority of the European population lives and works in cities, consuming an estimated 80% of the energy used in the EU. Local administrations, as the closest government level to citizens are ideally placed to address climate issues in a comprehensive manner. More and more cities are thus deciding to take up the challenge, as shown by the growing number of Covenant of Mayors signatories.

Signatory cities vary in size from small villages to major metropolitan areas such as London or Paris.

The commitments for Covenant Signatories are linked to the European Union’s Climate and energy policy framework. These include the European Union’s climate and energy package for 2020 for signatories who have joined between 2008 and 2015 and the European Union’s 2030 climate and energy framework as well as the EU Strategy on Adaptation to Climate Change for signatories joining after 2015.

As of October 2015, Covenant signatories commit to adopting an integrated approach to climate change mitigation and adaptation. They are required to develop Sustainable Energy and Climate Action Plans with the aims of cutting CO2 emissions by at least 40% by 2030 and increasing resilience to climate change within the first two years of adhesion.

The list of cities that have signed up to the Covenant of Mayors can be found below.


Mitigation (2020 target)Adaptation


Mayor (or equivalent): Nadja Vananroye
Population: 75,991 inhabitants

Covenant status

Date of adhesion: 11 December 2008
Status 3


Main contact: Erica Lemmens
Position: Sustainability Coordinator

Covenant Coordinators

Covenant Coordinators Countries Signatories
Province of LimburgBelgium44

Covenant Supporters

Covenant Supporters Countries Signatories
Climate AllianceGermany89


Small scale heating network
Sector: Municipal buildings, equipment/facilities
Implementation timeframe: 2012 - 2014
Area of intervention: Renewable energy for space heating and hot water
Policy instrument: Other
Responsible body: Local energy agency
CO2 reduction :
60 t CO2 eq./a
Implementation cost (€):
330000 €

Description: On the city’s nature domain Kiewit 3 separate conventional heating installations are replaced by one central heating installation on biomass (wood pellets). The different boiler rooms are connected through an underground heating network.

Rate this benchmark: BadPoorFairGoodExcellent (1 vote)

Benchmarks Date Language
Small scale heating network20 Apr 2017 en
Energiescans20 Apr 2017 nl
Goedkope energieleningen via Duwolim20 Apr 2017 nl
Last updated at: 8 August 2017
The sole responsibility for the content of this website lies with the authors. It does not reflect the opinion of the European Union. The European Commission is not responsible for any use that may be made of the information contained therein.
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