Illustration Signatories

The fight against climate change will be won or lost in urban areas. A vast majority of the European population lives and works in cities, consuming an estimated 80% of the energy used in the EU. Local administrations, as the closest government level to citizens are ideally placed to address climate issues in a comprehensive manner. More and more cities are thus deciding to take up the challenge, as shown by the growing number of Covenant of Mayors signatories.

Signatory cities vary in size from small villages to major metropolitan areas such as London or Paris.

The commitments for Covenant Signatories are linked to the European Union’s Climate and energy policy framework. These include the European Union’s climate and energy package for 2020 for signatories who have joined between 2008 and 2015 and the European Union’s 2030 climate and energy framework as well as the EU Strategy on Adaptation to Climate Change for signatories joining after 2015.

As of October 2015, Covenant signatories commit to adopting an integrated approach to climate change mitigation and adaptation. They are required to develop Sustainable Energy and Climate Action Plans with the aims of cutting CO2 emissions by at least 40% by 2030 and increasing resilience to climate change within the first two years of adhesion.

The list of cities that have signed up to the Covenant of Mayors can be found below.


2020 CO2 targetAdaptation


Population: 612,000 inhabitants
Website: http://

Covenant status

Date of adhesion: 28 August 2009
Status 3


Main contact: Alastair Brown
Position: Environment & Sustainability Manager


Main contact: Gavin Slater
Position: City Energy and Carbon Manager

Covenant Coordinators

Covenant Coordinators Countries Signatories
Energy Saving TrustUnited Kingdom10

Covenant Supporters

Covenant Supporters Countries Signatories
Convention of Scottish Local AuthoritiesUnited Kingdom6


Use of electric vehicles in place of diesel vehicles for the municipal fleet
Sector: Transport
Implementation timeframe: 2009 - 2020
Area of intervention: Electric vehicles (incl. infrastructure)
Policy instrument: Other
Responsible body: GCC - Carbon Management
CO2 reduction :
3 t CO2 eq./a
Implementation cost (€):
722038 €

Description: Electric vehicles are used in place of diesel vehicles in the municipal fleet for the council to promote the use of electric vehicles and reduce the carbon emissions of the council. The overall CO2 reduction is not large but the improvement in air quality is significant for the city.
Financing sources: Local Authority’s own resources, National Funds & Programmes

Rate this benchmark: BadPoorFairGoodExcellent (5 votes)

Benchmarks Date Language
Use of electric vehicles in place of diesel vehicles for the municipal fleet 19 Feb 2015 en
PC Shutdown across Education Estate19 Feb 2015 en
Green Warden's Programme for Glasgow City Council19 Feb 2015 en
Last updated at: 12 April 2016
The sole responsibility for the content of this website lies with the authors. It does not reflect the opinion of the European Union. The European Commission is not responsible for any use that may be made of the information contained therein.
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