Illustration FAQ

The Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) is an easy way to find your answers about the Covenant of Mayors. A question? Please check the FAQ page.

Sustainable Energy Action Plan (SEAP) / Sustainable Energy and Climate Action Plan (SECAP)

Which sectors/fields of action are considered in a SEAP and in a SECAP?

Since the Covenant's commitments concern the whole geographical area of the local authority, the action plan should include actions that cover the sectors of activity from both public and private actors.

Covenant signatories are free to choose their main areas of action. In principle, it is anticipated that most action plans will cover the sectors that are taken into account within the emission inventory and risk and vulnerability assessment (for SECAP only).

For the mitigation part (both SEAP and SECAP): It is recommended to include actions targeting the Covenant key sectors:

  • Municipal buildings, equipment/facilities;
  • Tertiary (non municipal) buildings, equipment/facilities
  • Residential buildings
  • Transport.

Actions can also be included for other sectors such as:

  • Industry;
  • Local electricity production;
  • Local heat/cold production;
  • Others (e.g. Agriculture, Forestry, Fisheries).

For the adaptation part (For SECAP only)

Identification of the sectors to increase the resilience in a city is highly contextual. A solid and comprehensive climate adaptation strategy therefore involves thinking adaptation into all aspects of municipal services affected by climate change. Some of the main sectors that can improve the resilience of cities include:

  • Infrastructure
  • Public Services
  • Land Use Planning
  • Environment & Biodiversity
  • Agriculture & Forestry
  • Economy.


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