Illustration Glossary

The Covenant of Mayors is a multifaceted initiative, involving a wide range of actors, numerous steps and processes. Through the present glossary, newcomers should be able to find their way through, with comprehensive information about the Covenant, from A to Z!

Associated Partners

Associated Partners are professional associations, NGOs, and other such structures which are in a position to provide linkages with private companies and civil society, as well as support to Covenant signatories, notably in the form of technologies, tools, financial incentives, promotional materials, cultural and participative initiatives.

Baseline Emission Inventory

A Baseline Emission Inventory is a quantification of the amount of CO2 emitted due to energy consumption in the territory of a Covenant signatory during a baseline year. It allows to identify the principal sources of CO2 emissions and their respective reduction potentials.

Benchmark of Excellence

Benchmarks of Excellence are relevant examples of initiatives which Covenant signatories, Coordinators and Supporters feel particularly proud of, and moreover endorse as useful actions for other local authorities, provinces, regions or networks to replicate.

Covenant Coordinators

The European Commission defines “Covenant Coordinators” as those public administrations which provide strategic guidance, financial and technical support to municipalities signing up to the Covenant of Mayors but lacking necessary skills and/or resources to fulfil their requirements. Covenant Coordinators are sub-national decentralized authorities - including provinces, regions and public groupings of municipalities - and national public bodies as national energy agencies for instance.

Covenant of Mayors Office

The Covenant of Mayors Office (CoMO), established and funded by the European Commission, is responsible for the coordination and daily management of the initiative. It provides signatories with administrative support and technical guidance, facilitates networking between Covenant stakeholders and ensures the promotion of their activities. The CoMO is managed by a consortium of European networks representing local and regional authorities, led by Energy-Cities and composed of CEMR, CLIMATE ALLIANCE, EUROCITIES and Fedarene.

Covenant Supporters

The European Commission defines “Covenant Supporters” as European, national and regional networks and associations of local authorities which leverage their lobbying, communication and networking activities to promote the Covenant of Mayors initiative and support the commitments of its signatories.

Energy Agencies

Local and regional energy agencies (LAREAs) support the introduction of good energy management practices, advocate the concept of sustainability, provide information and guidance, and offer a number of other local services based on specific local energy needs. The energy agencies are funded by public authorities.


The Helpdesk is the primary interface between local authorities and the Covenant of Mayors Office. It responds to general or technical enquiries about the initiative and assists signatories through the process.

Implementation Report

An implementation report is a document that Covenant signatories commit to submit every two years after the submission of their Sustainable Energy Action Plan, and which outlines the interim results of its implementation. The aim of this report is to assess whether the preliminary outcomes are in line with the foreseen objectives.

Joint Research Centre

The Joint Research Centre (JRC) is the scientific and technical arm of the European Commission. It is responsible for providing the technical and scientific support to the initiative. It works in close co-operation with the CoMO to provide signatories with clear technical guidelines and templates in order to assist delivery of their Covenant of Mayors commitments as well as to monitor implementation and results. Website of the JRC:

Local Energy Day

Local Energy Days are events organized by Covenant signatories as part of their official commitments, with the aim of raising public awareness of the opportunities offered by a more intelligent use of energy. They provide an occasion for local authorities to involve stakeholders and citizens in a common dialogue related to the development and implementation of Sustainable Energy Action Plans. Usually organised for a specified period, the types of events may vary, but normally include activities such as workshops, exhibitions, guided visits and open door days.

Sustainable Energy Action Plan

A Sustainable Energy Action Plan (SEAP) is the key document in which the Covenant signatory outlines how it intends to reach its CO2 reduction target by 2020. It defines the activities and measures set up to achieve the targets, together with time frames and assigned responsibilities. Covenant signatories are free to choose the format of their SEAP, as long as it is in line with the principles set out in the Covenant SEAP guidelines.

SEAP Template

The SEAP template is an electronic document that Covenant signatories are requested to complete on-line, in English, at the same time when submitting their Sustainable Energy Action Plan in their own (national) language. It has been developed to assist signatories in structuring their actions and measures, and to facilitate monitoring and follow up.

Thematic Discussion Group

The Thematic Discussion Group is an information-and –experience-sharing service that aims to stimulate interaction and networking between Covenant stakeholders. These tailor-made exchange platforms bring together predetermined categories of Covenant stakeholders – ie, large cities and metropolitan areas; small and medium-sized signatories; Covenant Coordinators and Covenant Supporters - to discuss Covenant-related topics and questions with their peers, notably during events organized by the Covenant of Mayors Office, online forums and webinars.

Thematic Workshop

Thematic Workshops are interactive, capacity-building sessions organised by the CoMO to foster experience and knowledge transfer among participants. Thematic Workshops will specifically target the Discussion Groups.


A webinar is a live, interactive presentation on the web, providing an opportunity for Covenant stakeholders - including signatories, Covenant Supporter and Coordinators - to attend a lecture given by CoMO members or other experts on a specific Covenant-related topic.

To exchange
via your mobile
To become fan
of the Covenant page
To subscribe to the
Rss feeds
To receive news
in real-time
With the political support of the European Commission With the political support of the European Commission. Website coordinated by the Covenant of Mayors Office.
News | Agenda | Site map | RSS help | Credits | Legal